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‘Tanking’ is a long-established name for external or internal waterproof barriers that are designed to protect below ground structures against water from the ground.
Referred to as ‘Type A Systems’ in the British Standard 8102:2009; ‘The Code of Practice for the Protection of Below Ground Structures from Water in the Ground’, external tanking can be anything from a sheet or liquid membrane to a cement render or slurry. The type of product used depends on the form of construction and sequence of the build, and typically forms part of a larger waterproofing system.
Type A waterproofing systems can be applied either;
Traditionally, these waterproof tanking systems were made using bitumen or asphalt-based liquid. As a result, external tanking is still referred to as a ‘black tank’ across Europe, and whilst the original liquid products were replaced with pre-manufactured, polymer-modified bitumen sheet products, these types of product can also present issues of their own.
To combat this, in the UK there has been a great deal of evolution and development over the years to overcome the problems associated with partially bonded bitumen sheets. The result is a selection of advanced tanking products that offer a safer solution and form a tighter, more homogenous tanking system.
When deciding on the correct external tanking system, it is important to take into account the recommendations outlined in both BS 8102:2009 and the technical standards documents of your insurance company, where typical defects that may occur in waterproofing systems are explained. These usually include defects owing to:
However, if your aim is to prevent water from penetrating a below-ground structure, then only a fully bonded tanking system should be used.
When the structure is being newly built, the most effective external tanking system is a fully bonded sheet such as Newton 403 HydroBond that is pre-applied under the concrete slab. Newton 403 HydroBond is particularly effective as it contains a hydrophilic polymer that self-seals around any small defects or fixings.
The 403 HydroBond external tanking membrane is also available in two variants, the second of which, Newton 403 HydroBond-GB, also provides protection against ground gases, as explained in the following article:
Where pre-application is not possible, a post-applied external tanking system is required instead. In this case, a seamless and fully bonded liquid applied membrane such as Newton 109-LM can be applied to basement and foundation walls. With the benefit of not requiring adhered laps, this is one major potential defect point that has been designed out by using liquid-applied membranes. The membrane is also fully bonded to eliminate lateral migration of water even if there was a defect.
When both pre- and post-applied external tanking systems are required, Newton 109-LM can link up with 403 HydroBond to ensure a continuous waterproof barrier. The post-applied tanking can also be extended over a buried deck or soffit if the structure requires it.
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